Table 2

Comparison of attribution and symptom/s that triggered help-seeking between participants with the shortest and longest quartile in the interval from first noticing a symptom to first presentation (ordered by first TTP)

TTP (days)SexAgeSmoking statusComorbidityDyspnoeaHaemoptysisDry coughProductive coughChest painBack painTightness in chestIncreased tirednessInitial patient attributionLung cancer
Time between noticing a system and seeking help—shortest quartile
2F45–49NeverAsthma, IBSSinus infection
7F65–69ExChest infection
14F50–54ExAnxiety depressionChest infection
14M70–74ExGetting older
15F55–59CurrentChest infection
21M65–69ExMuscle pain
Time between noticing a symptom and seeking help—longest quartile
49M80–84CurrentGetting older
49M60–64ExMuscle pain
58M60–64ExOver exertion
60M55–59CurrentCardiac problems
120F40–44NeverChest infection
150M65–69ExHeart diseaseCancer
180M80–04ExHeart disease, diabetesAsbestos in lung
  • ● Indicates symptom/s that triggered help-seeking. ○ Indicates symptom/s reported that did not trigger help-seeking.

  • F, female; M, male; IBS, irritable bowel syndrome; TTP, time to presentation.