Table 1

Key demographics and outcomes split by ventilation status pre-NSECH and post-NSECH

Pre-NSECHPost-NSECHP values
All patients : demographics
Age mean (SD)72.64 (10.7)72.01 (10.5)0.023
NIV (%)521 (13.2)339 (14.4)0.17
NIV+IMV/IMV alone 10/19  6/7
% ventilated patients who received IMV5.43.80.33
Under respiratory consultant (%)1994 (50.6)1638 (69.8)<0.0001
Critical care admission (%)73 (1.9)38 (1.6)0.55
CXR with pneumonia (%)782 (19.8)402 (17.1)0.0077
Charlson Index median (IQR)3.00 (0–10)3.00 (0–12)0.011
Admitted from institutional care (%)217 (5.5)133 (5.7)0.82
Non-ventilated patients : outcomes
Mortality: IP+30 days after discharge (%)211 (6.2)87 (4.3)0.0037
Mortality: IP only (%)152 (4.5)58 (2.9)0.0035
Mortality: OP ≤30 days after discharge (%) 59 (1.7)29 (1.4)0.50
Median LOS (IQR)4 (1–7)3 (1–7)0.0023
Readmission: 30 days (%)865 (25.4)522 (26.1)0.61
Readmission: 90 days (%)1343 (39.5)854 (42.7)0.022
Ventilated patients : outcomes
Mortality: IP+30 days after discharge (%)98 (18.1)36 (10.4)0.0015
Mortality: IP only (%)71 (13.1)32 (9.2)0.086
Mortality: OP ≤30 days after discharge (%)27 (5)4 (1.2)0.0022
Median LOS (IQR)9 (6–15)8 (5–13)0.0015
Readmission: 30 days (%)127 (23.5)101 (29.2)0.070
Readmission: 90 days (%)200 (37)165 (47.7)0.0021
  • Data are mean (SD), median (IQR) or absolute number (%).

  • IMV, invasive mechanical ventilation;IP, inpatient;LOS, length of stay;NIV, non-invasive ventilation;NSECH, Northumbria Specialist Emergency Care Hospital;OP, outpatient.