Table 3

Mean change (SD) (kg) in body composition from baseline to each follow-up

ONSSnacks
3 months6 months9 months12 months3 months6 months9 months12 months
Weight (kg)2.1 (4.3)2.2 (4.7)2.1 (4.5)2.3 (4.6)2.7 (4.4)*3.6 (5.3)*3.4 (6.4)4.4 (6.4)*
Fat mass (kg)4.4 (6.4)*3.9 (5.4)*4.0 (5.0)*3.7 (4.9)*3.2 (4.5)*2.8 (3.7)*3.1 (4.8)*2.9 (4.8)
Fat-free mass (kg)−2.3 (5.4)−1.7 (5.5)−1.9 (6.0)−1.3 (5.8)−0.1 (3.3)2.0 (6.0)0.8 (6.3)1.8 (6.1)
Fat-free mass index (kg/m2)−0.7 (1.6)−0.5 (1.7)−0.6 (1.8)−0.4 (1.7)0.0 (0.9)0.5 (1.6)0.1 (1.8)0.5 (1.7)
Total body water (kg)−1.5 (3.8)−1.1 (3.8)−1.3 (4.2)−0.8 (4.1)−0.1 (1.6)1.3 (3.9)0.4 (4.1)1.1 (4.0)
  • Data shown as mean (SD). Intention-to-treat analysis. Groups: ONS (n=16), Snacks (n=13).

  • ONS, oral nutritional supplements.

  • *Significantly different from baseline, p<0.05.