Table 4

Lifestyles factors stratified by age and sex, expressed as OR (95% CI)

FemaleMale18–60 years>60 years
Stroke1.76 (1.62 to 1.92)1.80 (1.67 to 1.93)2.12 (1.71 to 2.62)1.79 (1.69 to 1.89)
Alcoholism1.37 (1.15 to 1.64)1.62 (1.51 to 1.74)1.70 (1.54 to 1.88)1.47 (1.34 to 1.61)
Anaemia1.50 (1.44 to 1.56)1.88 (1.78 to 1.99)1.31 (1.24 to 1.39)1.83 (1.76 to 1.91)
Arthritis1.66 (1.44 to 1.92)1.64 (1.35 to 1.98)1.54 (1.22 to 1.93)1.70 (1.49 to 1.93)
Asthma2.25 (2.13 to 2.38)1.90 (1.78 to 2.04)2.03 (1.91 to 2.16)2.17 (2.04 to 2.30)
Cardiopathy1.89 (1.78 to 2.00)1.75 (1.67 to 1.83)1.72 (1.51 to 1.95)1.88 (1.81 to 1.96)
Dementia1.61 (1.50 to 1.72)2.00 (1.85 to 2.17)3.39 (2.10 to 5.57)1.78 (1.69 to 1.88)
Poor dental hygiene1.40 (1.35 to 1.46)1.48 (1.43 to 1.54)1.48 (1.43 to 1.54)1.41 (1.36 to 1.46)
Depression1.45 (1.40 to 1.51)1.45 (1.38 to 1.53)1.46 (1.39 to 1.53)1.43 (1.38 to 1.49)
Diabetes1.30 (1.24 to 1.36)1.35 (1.30 to 1.41)1.45 (1.34 to 1.56)1.34 (1.29 to 1.38)
Dysphagia2.03 (1.73 to 2.39)2.29 (1.96 to 2.68)1.96 (1.58 to 2.43)2.25 (1.97 to 2.57)
Multiple sclerosis1.32 (0.92 to 1.88)3.28 (2.01 to 5.47)1.72 (1.23 to 2.38)2.08 (1.19 to 3.67)
Epilepsy1.82 (1.60 to 2.08)1.85 (1.66 to 2.08)2.16 (1.88 to 2.48)1.66 (1.48 to 1.85)
COPD2.81 (2.57 to 3.07)2.75 (2.63 to 2.88)3.72 (3.29 to 4.22)2.71 (2.59 to 2.83)
Guillain-Barré3.00 (0.86 to 11.74)2.15 (1.01 to 4.64)5.33 (1.54 to 24.36)1.71 (0.78 to 3.71)
Hepatitis1.82 (1.64 to 2.01)1.78 (1.64 to 1.93)2.00 (1.80 to 2.21)1.69 (1.56 to 1.83)
Osteoarthritis1.14 (1.08 to 1.20)1.13 (1.06 to 1.20)1.14 (1.00 to 1.30)1.14 (1.09 to 1.19)
Parkinson1.54 (1.34 to 1.76)1.77 (1.57 to 1.99)0.92 (0.45 to 1.79)1.69 (1.54 to 1.86)
Low weight2.04 (1.83 to 2.28)2.22 (1.86 to 2.65)2.04 (1.80 to 2.32)2.14 (1.86 to 2.47)
Chronic renal disease2.04 (1.85 to 2.26)1.83 (1.70 to 1.98)3.37 (2.55 to 4.48)1.88 (1.77 to 2.00)
Low social status2.26 (1.67 to 3.06)2.78 (1.93 to 4.03)2.24 (1.65 to 3.04)2.80 (1.96 to 4.05)
HIV5.00 (3.61 to 7.03)5.11 (4.13 to 6.35)5.53 (4.58 to 6.71)2.00 (1.07 to 3.74)
Passive smoker1.43 (1.38 to 1.48)1.38 (1.33 to 1.44)1.18 (1.13 to 1.23)1.50 (1.45 to 1.55)
Smoker/ex-smoker1.87 (1.79 to 1.95)1.97 (1.90 to 2.04)1.73 (1.67 to 1.80)2.29 (2.19 to 2.38)
  • COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.