Table 1

Patient demographics and comorbidities

ParameterFibreoptic bronchoscopy n=149 (%)Conservative measures n=28 (%)P value
Age (mean±SD)61.8±14.471.9±12.20.075
Sex
 Male87 (58.4)15 (54)0.679
 Female62 (41.6)13 (46)0.679
Comorbid condition
 Obstructive airway disease71 (47.7)13 (46.4)1.00
 Congestive heart failure33 (22.1)8 (28.6)0.469
 End-stage renal disease29 (19.5)3 (10.7)0.769
 Lung cancer15 (10.1)4 (14.3)0.509
 Dementia16 (10.7)3 (10.7)1.00
 Stroke26 (17.4)5 (17.9)1.00
 Cirrhosis18 (12.1)4 (14.3)0.756
 Neuromuscular disease1 (0.7)01.00
 Chronic respiratory failure38 (25.5)4 (14.3)0.235
Ventilator dependency32 (18)4 (14.3)0.454