Table 2

Clinical features of n=45 patient with central airway obstruction at diagnosis

Clinical featuresn=45*
Radiologically reported31 (69%)
Identified by interventionalist and thoracic radiologist14 (31%)
Symptoms (n=44)
 Cough30 (68%)
 Breathlessness27 (61%)
 Haemoptysis7 (16%)
 No respiratory symptoms8 (18%)
Performance status (n=44)
 04 (9%)
 111 (25%)
 212 (27%)
 38 (18%)
 49 (20%)
Degree of obstruction
 Median (IQR)63 (50–100)
>50% obstruction
 Yes34 (76%)
Distal viable lung
 Yes42 (93%)
Site
 Trachea1 (2%)
 Right main bronchus13 (29%)
 Bronchus intermedius20 (44%)
 Left main bronchus10 (22%)
 Bilateral main bronchus1 (2%)
Type of obstruction
 Intrinsic28 (62%)
 Extrinsic13 (29%)
 Mixed4 (9%)
Therapeutic bronchoscopy in eligible patients (n=31)
 Yes8 (26%)
  • *N=45 unless otherwise indicated