Table 5

Description and ORs for univariable analysis for healthcare delay, complete case analysis per individual variable

VariableTotal,
n (%)
Delayed,
n (% delayed)
OR95% CIP value
Sex
 Male3300 (64)755 (23)Ref
 Female1893 (36)565 (30)1.431.26 to 1.63 < 0.001
Age, median (range)39 (18–105)43 (18–95)1.0151.011 to 1.018 < 0.001
Born in the UK or time of residency
 UK born1083 (21)314 (29)Ref
 Recent resident (<5 years in the UK)1143 (22)253 (22)0.700.57 to 0.84 < 0.001
 Longer resident (≥5 years in the UK)2765 (53)707 (26)0.840.72 to 0.98 0.03
 Years since arrival unknown188 (3.6)39 (21)0.640.44 to 0.92 0.02
Ethnicity
 Asian/Asian-British1538 (34)432 (28)Ref
 Black-African/black-Caribbean/black-British1139 (25)274 (24)0.830.70 to 0.98 0.03
 White1022 (23)367 (36)1.341.13 to 1.58 < 0.001
 Other827 (18)242 (29)1.060.88 to 1.270.52
Sputum smear result (at diagnosis)
 Positive2151 (42)321 (15)Ref
 Negative2151 (42)657 (31)2.512.16 to 2.92 < 0.001
 Other (awaiting results, not done. Unknown …)891 (17)342 (38)3.552.97 to 4.25 < 0.001
Chest X-ray or CT (at diagnosis)
 Cavities reported1530 (30)292 (19)0.610.53 to 0.71 < 0.001
 Abnormalities reported3506 (68)972 (28)Ref
 Other (awaiting results, not done, unknown …)157 (3.0)56 (36)1.451.03 to 2.01 0.03
History of drug use
 Yes357 (7.0)74 (21)0.750.57 to 0.97 0.03
 No4747 (93)1230 (26)Ref
History of homelessness
 Yes353 (6.9)62 (18)0.600.45 to 0.79 < 0.001
 No4773 (93)1246 (26)Ref
History of imprisonment
 Yes253 (5.0)57 (23)0.840.62 to 1.130.26
 No4847 (95)1245 (26)Ref
Alcohol misuse
 Yes331 (6.6)58 (18)0.600.44 to 0.80 < 0.001
 No4720 (93)1234 (26)Ref
Mental health concerns
 Yes365 (7.2)97 (27)1.060.83 to 1.340.64
 No4695 (93)1196 (25)Ref
Place of healthcare
 A&E1717 (33)184 (11)0.220.18 to 0.26 < 0.001
 General practitioner2338 (45)832 (36)Ref
 Private sector68 (1.3)15 (22)0.510.28 to 0.89 0.02
 Other (inpatient, outpatient, laboratory, prison)1048 (20)285 (27)0.680.58 to 0.79 < 0.001
 Unknown22 (0.42)4 (18)0.400.12 to 1.080.10
Occupation
 Employed*3739 (76)1011 (27)Ref
 Unemployed†1150 (24)266 (23)0.810.69 to 0.95 0.008
  • Significant p values (<0.05) are highlighted in bold.

  • *Employed included all employment types, plus housewives/husbands, students and retired people.

  • †Unemployed includes reported unemployed, prisoners, asylum seekers and immigration detainees.

  • A&E, accident and emergency; Ref, reference group.