Table 2

Description and ORs for univariable analysis for presentation delay, complete case analysis per individual variable

VariableTotal,
n (%)
Delayed,
n (% delayed)
OR95% CIP value
Sex
 Male2918 (64)716 (25)Ref
 Female1621 (36)433 (27)1.120.98 to 1.290.11
Age, median (range)38 (18–105)40 (18–105)1.0041.001 to 1.008 0.02
Born in the UK or time of residency
 UK born942 (21)274 (29)Ref
 Recent resident (<5 years in the UK)1016 (22)246 (24)0.780.64 to 0.95 0.01
 Longer resident (≥5 years in the UK)2423 (54)587 (24)0.780.66 to 0.92 0.004
 Years since arrival unknown145 (3.2)41 (28)0.960.65 to 1.410.84
Ethnicity
 Asian/Asian-British1538 (34)354 (23)Ref
 Black-African/black-Caribbean/black-British1139 (25)293 (26)1.160.97 to 1.380.11
 White1022 (23)301 (29)1.401.17 to 1.67 < 0.001
 Other827 (18)199 (24)1.060.87 to 1.290.57
Sputum smear result (at diagnosis)
 Positive1971 (44)507 (26)Ref
 Negative1799 (40)452 (25)0.970.84 to 1.120.67
 Other (awaiting results, not done, unknown …)768 (17)190 (25)0.950.78 to 1.150.58
Chest X-ray or CT (at diagnosis)
 Cavities reported1368 (30)359 (26)1.090.94 to 1.260.26
 Abnormalities reported3035 (67)748 (25)Ref
 Other (awaiting results, not done, unknown …)136 (3.0)42 (31)1.370.93 to 1.970.10
History of drug use
 Yes310 (7.0)106 (34)1.581.23 to 2.01 < 0.001
 No4139 (93)1024 (25)Ref
History of homelessness
 Yes310 (6.9)94 (30)1.301.01 to 1.67 0.04
 No4162 (93)1041 (25)Ref
History of imprisonment
 Yes215 (4.8)83 (39)1.901.43 to 2.52 < 0.001
 No4234 (95)1053 (25)Ref
Alcohol misuse
 Yes282 (6.4)96 (34)1.561.21 to 2.02 < 0.001
 No4131 (94)1025 (25)Ref
Mental health concerns
 Yes315 (7.1)97 (31)1.341.04 to 1.71 0.02
 No4105 (93)1025 (25)Ref
Occupation
 Employed*3274 (76)807 (25)Ref
 Unemployed†1019 (24)304 (30)1.301.11 to 1.52 < 0.001
  • Significant p values (<0.05) are highlighted in bold.

  • *Employed included all employment types, Plus housewives/husbands, students and retired people.

  • †Unemployed includes reported unemployed, prisoners, asylum seekers and immigration detainees.

  • Ref, reference group.