Table 3

Outcome comparison of HIV-positive with CD4 counts

(A) ≥200 cells x 106/L with HIV-negative patients
VariablesHIV-negative N=358HIV-positive CD4 count ≥200 cells x 106/L N=61P value
Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation use, N (%)91 (25.4%)30 (49.2%)0.0004
Length of stay on non-invasive positive pressure ventilation, Mean (SD) days2.670 (1.571)2.567 (1.675)0.639
Mechanical ventilation use, N (%)3 (0.8%)0 (0%)1
Need for ICU admission, N (%)30 (8.4%)6 (9.8%)0.628
Length of stay in hospital, Mean (SD) days2.813 (1.712)3.656 (2.921)0.002
(B) <200 cells/µL with HIV-negative patients
VariablesHIV-negative
N=358
HIV-positive CD4 counts <200 cells x 106/L
N=32
P value
Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation use, N (%)91 (25.4%)11 (34.4%)0.414
Length of stay on non-invasive positive pressure ventilation, Mean (SD) days2.670 (1.571)2.818 (1.940)0.617
Mechanical ventilation use, N (%)3 (0.8%)0 (0%)1
Length of stay in ICU, Mean (SD) days30 (8.4%)0 (0%)0.156
Length of stay in hospital, Mean (SD) days2.813 (1.712)2.969 (2.163)0.629
(C) ≥200 cells x 106/L with HIV-positive with CD4 count <200 cells x 106/L
VariablesHIV-positive CD4 count ≥200 cells x 106/L
N=61
HIV-positive CD4 counts <200 cells x 106/L
N=32
P value
Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation use, N (%)30 (49.2%)11 (34.4%)0.194
Length of stay on non-invasive positive pressure ventilation, Mean (SD) days2.567 (1.675)2.818 (1.940)0.518
Mechanical ventilation use, N (%)0 (0%)0 (0%)1
Length of stay in ICU, Mean (SD) days6 (9.8%)0 (0%)0.09
Length of stay in hospital, Mean (SD) days3.656 (2.921)2.969 (2.163)0.244
  • ICU, intensive care unit.