Table 1

Baseline characteristics of patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 admitted to two hospitals in Uganda

CharacteristicAllMulago National Specialised HospitalEntebbe Regional Referral HospitalP value
Enrolment hospital, N562531
 Age (years)n=55n=25n=30
  Mean (SD)34.2 (15.5)42.2 (15.2)27.6 (12.5)0.0003*
  Median (IQR)33 (25–43)42 (33–54)27 (22–35)0.0004†
  Categorical, n (%)
   7–178 (14.6)2 (8.0)6 (20.0)0.001‡
   18–2913 (23.6)2 (8.0)11 (36.7)
   30–3917 (30.9)7 (28.0)10 (33.3)
   40–6617 (30.9)14 (56.0)3 (10.0)
Sex, n (%)n=56n=25n=31
 Male38 (67.9)17 (68.0)21 (67.7)>0.999§
 Female18 (32.1)8 (32.0)10 (32.3)
Occupation, n (%)n=46n=25n=21
 Unemployed1 (2.2)1 (4.0)0 (0.0)0.012‡
 Housewife4 (8.7)3 (12.0)1 (4.8)
 Peasant farmer2 (4.4)0 (0.0)2 (9.5)
 Business17 (37.0)9 (36.0)8 (38.1)
 Armed forces2 (4.4)2 (8.0)0 (0.0)
 Services and sales4 (8.7)4 (16.0)0 (0.0)
 Professionals2 (4.4)2 (8.0)0 (0.0)
 Technicians1 (2.2)1 (4.0)0 (0.0)
 Other13 (28.3)3 (12.0)10 (47.6)
Smoking status, n (%)n=56n=25n=31
 Never/unknown55 (98.2)25 (100)30 (96.8)>0.999‡
 Former/current1 (1.8)0 (0.0)1 (3.2)
Symptoms, n (%)n=56n=25n=31
 Any (fever, cough, shortness of breath, rhinorrhea, fatigue)24 (42.9)11 (44.0)13 (41.9)0.877§
 Fever12 (21.4)4 (16.0)8 (26.8)0.516‡
 Cough11 (19.6)8 (32.0)3 (9.7)0.048‡
 Shortness of breath0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 Muscle ache4 (7.1)4 (16.0)0 (0.0)0.034‡
 Confusion0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 Headache7 (12.5)3 (12.0)4 (12.9)>0.999‡
 Sore throat3 (5.4)1 (4.0)2 (6.5)>0.999‡
 Rhinorrhea9 (16.1)6 (24.0)3 (9.7)0.272‡
 Chest pain2 (3.6)0 (0.0)2 (6.5)0.497‡
 Diarrhoea2 (3.6)1 (4.0)1 (3.2)>0.999‡
 Nausea and vomiting2 (3.6)1 (4.0)1 (3.2)>0.999‡
 Cough with sputum production3 (5.4)2 (8.0)1 (3.2)0.581‡
 Cough with haemoptysis0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 Wheezing0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 Joint pain2 (3.6)2 (8.0)0 (0.0)0.195‡
 Fatigue/malaise4 (7.1)4 (16.0)0 (0.0)0.034‡
 Inability to walk0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 Lower chest pain0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 Seizures0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 Abdominal pain3 (5.4)1 (4.0)2 (6.5)>0.999‡
 Conjunctivitis1 (1.8)1 (4.0)0 (0.0)0.446‡
 Skin rash1 (1.8)1 (4.0)0 (0.0)0.446‡
 Skin ulcers0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 Lymphadenopathy0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 Bleeding0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 General weakness0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 Inability to feed0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 Reduced activity0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 Pain on swallowing0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 Others0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
Vital signs
 Temperature (°C)n=56n=25n=31
  Mean (SD)36.5 (0.81)36.5 (0.94)36.5 (0.71)0.763*
  Median (IQR)36.4 (36.2–36.6)36.5 (36.3–36.8)36.4 (36.2–36.5)0.252†
  Categorical
   <37.551 (91.1)23 (92.0)28 (90.3)>0.999‡
   37.5–38.02 (3.6)1 (4.0)1 (3.2)
   38.1–39.03 (5.4)1 (4.0)2 (6.5)
   >39.00 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 SPO2n=51n=20n=31
  Mean (SD)97.8 (1.2)97.9 (1.4)97.7 (1.1)0.755*
  Median (IQR)98 (97–99)98 (97–99)98 (97–99)0.697†
  <93, n (%)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 Pulse raten=54n=24n=29
  Mean (SD)86.9 (13.0)86.8 (14.3)87.0 (12.0)0.956*
  Median (IQR)87 (78–95)86 (78–91)88 (78–96)0.690†
 Blood pressure (mm Hg), n (%)n=54n=24n=30
  >130/9020 (37.0)13 (54.2)7 (23.3)0.020§
  >140/9015 (27.8)9 (37.5)6 (20.0)0.154§
 Body Mass Indexn=19n=19n=0
  Mean (SD)28.3 (6.2)28.3 (6.2)
  Median (IQR)27.2 (23.1–32.0)27.2 (23.1–32.0)
  <18.50 (0.0)0 (0.0)
  18.5–24.97 (36.8)7 (36.8)
  25–29.95 (26.3)5 (26.3)
  30+7 (36.8)7 (36.8)
  • *t-Test.

  • †Wilcoxon rank-sum test.

  • ‡Fisher’s exact test.

  • §χ2 test.

  • ¶Inestimable.

  • Bold p values, Statistically significant; SpO2, saturation of peripheral oxygen.