Table 1

Patient demographics at index admission or presentation

All
(n=401)
ED only
(n=48)
Level I
(n=315)
Level II/III
(n=38)
M:F239:162
59.6%/40.4%
23:25
47.9%/52.1%
190:125
60.3%/39.7%
26:12
68.4%/31.6%
Age
(median and range)
59.0 (21–95)54.0 (23–84)61.0 (21–95)52.5 (30–80)
BMI (n=381)
 <184 (1%)1 (2.2%)3 (1%)0 (0%)
 18.5–24.969 (18%)9 (19.6%)55 (18.5%)5 (14%)
 25–29.9149 (39%)16 (34.8%)119 (40%)14 (39%)
 30–39.9136 (36%)14 (30.4%)105 (35%)16 (44.4%)
 >4023 (6%)6 (13%)16 (5.5%)1 (2.6%)
Comorbidities
 Any324 (81%)35 (73%)266 (84.4%)23 (60.5%)
 Diabetes mellitus112 (27.9%)6 (12.5)99 (31.4%)7 (18.4%)
 Hypertension168 (42%)15 (31.25%)142 (45%)11 (29%)
 CVS74 (18.5%)8 (16.7%)62 (19.7%)4 (10.5%)
 Cancer31 (7.7%)3 (6.35%)25 (7.9%)1 (2.6%)
 Asthma61 (15.2%)10 (20.8%)48 (15.2%)3 (8%)
 COPD20 (5%)2 (4.2%)17 (5.4%)1 (2.6%)
BAME background
(n=372)
227/372 (61%)29/43 (67.4%)172/292 (58.9%)27/38 (71.1%)
Smoking (n=360)
Current/ex/never
10/91/2633/7/317/75/2192000/9/24
  • BAME, black, Asian and minority ethnic; BMI, body mass index; COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; CVS, cardiovascular disease.