Table 2

Depression and anxiety symptoms

CharacteristicsPAH (n=25)CTEPH (n=49)All (n=74)
Depression (PHQ-9 score), mean (SD), range5.9 (4.7), 0–154.4 (4.6), 0–194.9 (4.6), 0–19
 Minimal (0–4), n (%)9 (36.0)32 (65.3)41 (55.4)
 Mild (5–9), n (%)10 (40.0)10 (20.4)20 (27.0)
 Moderate to severe
 (10–27), n (%)
6 (24.0)7 (14.3)13 (17.6)
Anxiety (GAD-7 score), mean (SD), range3.3 (4.9), 0–202.8 (2.9), 0–113.0 (3.7), 0–20
 Minimal (0–4), n (%)18 (72.0)38 (77.6)56 (75.7)
 Mild (5–9), n (%)4 (16.0)9 (18.4)13 (17.6)
 Moderate to severe
 (10–21), n (%)
3 (12.0)2 (4.1)5 (6.8)
  • CTEPH, chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension; GAD-7, Generalised Anxiety Disorder 7; PAH, pulmonary arterial hypertension; PHQ-9, Patient Health Questionnaire 9.