Table 5

Sensitivity analyses for OR of detection in cases compared with controls, by pathogen, adjusted for age and season (logistic regression)

Additionally adjusted for country of inclusionExcluding mildly symptomatic controls
Adjusted OR95% CIP valueAdjusted OR95% CIP value
Streptococcus pneumoniae1.631.17 to 1.270.0031.951.39 to 2.73<0.001
RSV20.79.38 to 45.82<0.00142.613.31 to 136.29<0.001
Influenza virus6.382.56 to 15.88<0.0016.382.42 to 16.81<0.001
Parainfluenza virus4.871.93 to 12.280.0014.021.63 to 9.960.003
Metapneumovirus4.041.10 to 14.790.0356.201.37 to 28.020.018
No pathogen detected0.120.07 to 0.22<0.0010.100.05 to 0.18<0.001
  • P values were obtained by Wald test.

  • RSV, respiratory syncytial virus.