Table 2

Demographic characteristics and underlying conditions of 98 366 patients hospitalised with COVID-19 in France between 1 January and 30 June 2020 (data are presented as n (%) unless otherwise indicated)

Overall
(n=98 366)
Patients admitted to a critical care unit
(n=25 765)
Patients admitted to a hospital care unit
(n=72 601)
P value
Age, years<0.0001
 Median (IQR)71 (56–83)66 (55–76)74 (57–85)
 <181571 (1.6)599 (2.3)972 (1.3)
 18–4511 065 (11.2)2527 (9.8)8538 (11.8)
 46–6519 579 (19.9)6733 (26.1)12 846 (17.7)
 66–7015 783 (16.0)5997 (23.3)9786 (13.5)
 71–8428 249 (28.7)7490 (29.1)20 759 (28.6)
 ≥8522 119 (22.5)2419 (9.4)19 700 (27.1)
Gender<0.0001
 Female45 444 (46.2)8898 (34.5)36 546 (50.3)
 Male52 922 (53.8)16 867 (65.5)36 055 (49.7)
Body mass index, kg/m²<0.0001
 <3087 959 (89.4)21 183 (82.2)66 776 (92.0)
 30–398316 (8.5)3655 (14.2)4661 (6.4)
 ≥402091 (2.1)927 (3.6)1164 (1.6)
Clinical presentation<0.0001
 Asymptomatic4335 (4.4)496 (1.9)3839 (5.3)
 Respiratory symptoms87 940 (89.4)24 328 (94.4)63 612 (87.6)
 Other symptoms6091 (6.2)941 (3.7)5150 (7.1)
Chronic underlying conditions
Charlson comorbidity index‡<0.0001
 042 366 (43.1)9649 (37.5)32 717 (45.1)
 1–237 077 (37.7)10 182 (39.5)26 895 (37.0)
 ≥318 923 (19.2)5934 (23.0)12 989 (17.9)
Hypertension<0.0001
 No51 891 (52.8)12 718 (49.4)39 173 (54.0)
 Yes46 475 (47.2)13 047 (50.6)33 428 (46.0)
Chronic cardiac disease<0.0001
 No82 558 (83.9)21 405 (83.1)61 153 (84.2)
 Yes15 808 (16.1)4360 (16.9)11 448 (15.8)
Coronary artery disease<0.0001
 No84 568 (86.0)21 674 (84.1)62 894 (86.6)
 Yes13 798 (14.0)4091 (15.9)9707 (13.4)
Diabetes (types 1 and 2)<0.0001
 No74 397 (75.6)18 462 (71.7)55 935 (77.0)
 Yes23 969 (24.4)7303 (28.3)16 666 (23.0)
Chronic kidney disease0.0020
 No85 167 (86.6)22 453 (87.1)62 714 (86.4)
 Yes13 199 (13.4)3312 (12.9)9887 (13.6)
Asthma<0.0001
 No93 790 (95.3)24 414 (94.8)69 376 (95.6)
 Yes4576 (4.7)1351 (5.2)3225 (4.4)
Chronic pulmonary disease<0.0001
 No88 708 (90.2)23 020 (89.3)65 688 (90.5)
 Yes9658 (9.8)2745 (10.7)6913 (9.5)
Malignant neoplasm<0.0001
 No86 056 (87.5)22 778 (88.4)63 278 (87.2)
 Yes12 310 (12.5)2987 (11.6)9323 (12.8)
Dementia<0.0001
 No87 104 (88.6)24 758 (96.1)62 346 (85.9)
 Yes11 262 (11.4)1007 (3.9)10 255 (14.1)
Solid organ transplant<0.0001
 No97 171 (98.8)25 265 (98.1)71 906 (99.0)
 Yes1195 (1.2)500 (1.9)695 (1.0)
HIV/AIDS0.0018
 No97 727 (99.4)25 563 (99.2)72 164 (99.4)
 Yes639 (0.6)202 (0.8)437 (0.6)
Dyslipidaemia<0.0001
 No87 410 (88.9)22 264 (86.4)65 146 (89.7)
 Yes10 956 (11.1)3501 (13.6)7455 (10.3)
Cirrhosis without transplant<0.0001
 No96 841 (98.4)25 283 (98.1)71 558 (98.6)
 Yes1525 (1.6)482 (1.9)1043 (1.4)
History of stroke
 No92 174 (93.7)24 199 (93.9)67 975 (93.6)0.0950
 Yes6192 (6.3)1566 (6.1)4626 (6.4)
Acute underlying conditions
Acute pulmonary failure<0.0001
 No67 549 (68.7)10 522 (40.8)57 027 (78.5)
 Yes30 817 (31.3)15 243 (59.2)15 574 (21.5)
Acute respiratory distress syndrome<0.0001
 No86 724 (88.2)16 101 (62.5)70 623 (97.3)
 Yes11 642 (11.8)9664 (37.5)1978 (2.7)
Acute pulmonary infection*<0.0001
 No83 413 (84.8)18 232 (70.8)65 181 (89.8)
 Yes14 953 (15.2)7533 (29.2)7420 (10.2)
Shock†<0.0001
 No92 732 (94.3)20 649 (80.1)72 083 (99.3)
 Yes5634 (5.7)5116 (19.9)518 (0.7)
Myocardial infarction<0.0001
 No97 712 (99.3)25 379 (98.5)72 333 (99.6)
 Yes654 (0.7)386 (1.5)268 (0.4)
Acute pulmonary embolism<0.0001
 No94 331 (95.9)23 596 (91.6)70 735 (97.4)
 Yes4035 (4.1)2169 (8.4)1866 (2.6)
Thrombophlebitis<0.0001
 No96 057 (97.7)24 413 (94.8)71 644 (98.7)
 Yes2309 (2.3)1352 (5.2)957 (1.3)
Acute liver failure<0.0001
 No97 517 (99.1)25 183 (97.7)72 334 (99.6)
 Yes849 (0.9)582 (2.3)267 (0.4)
Acute kidney injury<0.0001
 No85 545 (87.0)19 382 (75.2)66 163 (91.1)
 Yes12 821 (13.0)6383 (24.8)6438 (8.9)
  • *Acute pulmonary infection, excluding viral infections.

  • †Shock includes hypovolaemic shock, cardiogenic shock or infectious shock.

  • ‡Charlson comorbidity index without age.