Table 2

Symptoms reported in those who report: (A) <4 weeks since symptom onset; (B) 4–8 weeks since symptoms onset; (C) 8–12 weeks since symptoms onset; (D) >12 weeks since symptoms onset

<4 weeks, n=2704–8 weeks, n=4948–12 weeks, n=641>12 weeks, n=1865P value
Gender
 Female214 (79.3)387 (78.3)506 (78.9)1440 (77.2)0.714
 Male52 (19.3)98 (19.8)131 (20.4)403 (21.6)
Age (years)
 17 or under0 (0.0)1 (0.2)1 (0.2)4 (0.2)
 18–249 (3.3)8 (1.6)8 (1.2)30 (1.6)
 24–3440 (14.8)65 (13.2)82 (12.8)220 (11.8)
 35–4464 (23.7)123 (24.9)159 (24.8)427 (22.9)0.038
 45–5491 (33.7)168 (34.0)222 (34.6)630 (33.8)
 55–6451 (18.9)96 (19.4)137 (21.4)402 (21.6)
 65–7413 (4.8)22 (4.5)28 (4.4)128 (6.9)
 75 or older2 (0.7)10 (2.0)4 (0.6)24 (1.3)
Ethnicity
 White242 (89.6)457 (92.5)609 (95.0)1735 (93.0)
 Black, African, black British or Caribbean5 (1.9)7 (1.4)6 (0.9)23 (1.2)
 Asian or Asian British15 (5.6)17 (3.4)12 (1.9)48 (2.6)0.089
 Mixed or multiple ethnic groups3 (1.1)7 (1.4)10 (1.6)36 (1.9)
Symptoms
 Breathing problems246 (91.1)460 (93.1)596 (93.0)1707 (91.5])0.47
 Changes in mood, or anxiety or depression93 (34.4)206 (41.7)266 (41.5)842 (45.1)0.006
 Cough135 (50.0)221 (44.7)275 (42.9)752 (40.3)0.013
 Extreme tiredness/fatigue/lack of energy216 (80.0)406 (82.2)535 (83.5)1568 (84.1)0.338
 Hair loss10 (3.7)24 (4.9)61 (9.5)248 (13.3)<0.001
 Loss of appetite or weight loss70 (25.9)126 (25.5)126 (19.7)430 (23.1)0.069
 Loss of taste or smell (anosmia)120 (44.4)152 (30.8)172 (26.8)488 (26.2)<0.001
 Muscle weakness or joint stiffness118 (43.7)235 (47.6)315 (49.1)984 (52.8)0.012
 Nightmares or flashbacks25 (9.3)60 (12.1)69 (10.8)273 (14.6)0.012
 Problems with mental abilities including anxiety/depression79 (29.3)192 (38.9)279 (43.5)950 (50.9)<0.001
 Sleep problems112 (41.5)233 (47.2)296 (46.2)887 (47.6)0.196
 Symptoms of PTSD35 (13.0)74 (15.0)111 (17.3)352 (18.9)0.037
Number of coexisting symptoms4.7±2.14.8±2.34.8±2.35.1±2.40.005
Treatment during acute phase of virus
 Self-treatment at home229 (84.8)404 (81.8)575 (89.7)1652 (88.6)<0.001
 Hospitalised (but not intensive care)32 (11.9)68 (13.8)52 (8.1)160 (8.6)
 Hospitalised (intensive care)9 (3.3)22 (4.5)14 (2.2)53 (2.8)
  • Data are presented as n (%) or mean (SD). P values of <0.05 are for χ2 or one-way analysis of variance as appropriate. Where numbers do not total 100%, missing values are due to questions unanswered by participant. Changes of mood are taken to indicate a negative change in mood (ie, more anxious, more depressed, etc).

  • PTSD, post-traumatic stress disorder.