Table 3

Specific roles by professional background

DieteticsOccupational therapyPhysiotherapyPsychologySpeech and language therapy
  • Individulised assessment for nutritional content, timing and amount

  • Estimations of energy and protein requirements

  • Advising /education for MDT

  • Assessment of drugs impacting on nutrition

  • Extended scopes—insertion of feeding tubes

  • Assessment of function, mood and engagement

  • Early discharge planning

  • Rehabilitation

  • Maintenance of joint range

  • Seating assessments

  • Sensory assessments

  • Occupation

  • Assessment and intervention for mental health needs

  • Assessment of cognition

  • Delirium management

  • Respiratory assessment

  • Secretion management

  • Optimisation of oxygenation and ventilation

  • Ventilator weaning

  • Extubation assessment

  • Lung ultrasound

  • Tracheostomy care and weaning

  • Rehabilitation

  • Assessment and intervention for inpatients—during and after critical care

  • Assessment and intervention for families

  • Staff well-being

  • Intervention for staff for work related well-being

  • Restoration of communication

  • Restoring airflow to upper airway

  • Diagnostics with FEES and video fluoroscopy

  • Assessment of mental capacity

  • Use of one-way valves (tracheostomy)

  • Above cuff vocalisation

  • Secretion management

  • All participants also reflected the need for individualised care and patient advocacy within their specialist area.

  • FEES, fibre-optic endoscopic evaluation of swallow; MDT, multidisciplinary team.