Table 3

Adjusted ORs of correlates of self-reported activities reduced/ceased (excluding MDP-A1 as a categorical variable with levels at 0, 1, 2, 3, 4)

Reduced/ceased any activities*Reduced/ceased physical activitiesReduced/ceased sexual activities
OR (95% CI)
Highest level of education†
 ElementaryRef
 Upper secondary0.68 (0.37 to 1.26)0.90 (0.43 to 1.88)0.70 (0.36 to 1.37)
 Professional school0.58 (0.31 to 1.08)0.73 (0.35 to 1.52)0.75 (0.39 to 1.42)
 University0.76 (0.40 to 1.44)0.69 (0.30 to 1.57)0.58 (0.28 to 1.19)
Marital status†
 Living separately/living alone/divorced/widowedRef
 Married/partnered0.50 (0.28 to 0.90)0.70 (0.35 to 1.43)0.82 (0.43 to 1.56)
Body mass index (BMI)‡ WHO category
 Underweight/healthy weightRef
 Overweight1.46 (0.8 to 2.66)1.58 (0.71 to 3.5)1.87 (0.95 to 3.69)
 Obese2.53 (1.27 to 5.04)3.45 (1.47 to 8.13)2.12 (0.97 to 4.64)
Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HADS) Anxiety‡ Score classes
 Normal (0–7)Ref
 Borderline (8–10)1.26 (0.59 to 2.71)1.51 (0.63 to 3.64)1.25 (0.54 to 2.86)
 Abnormal (11–21)1.95 (0.76 to 4.99)3.83 (1.40 to 10.51)1.97 (0.78 to 4.97)
Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HADS) Depression‡ Score classes
 Normal (0–7)Ref
 Borderline (8–10)1.78 (0.77 to 4.10)1.37 (0.55 to 3.43)2.17 (0.94 to 5.01)
 Abnormal (11–21)4.42 (1.30 to 15.01)4.42 (1.21 to 16.12)4.69 (1.44 to 15.23)
modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) breathlessness scale categories‡
 0Ref
 14.90 (2.74 to 8.77)10.95 (5.15 to 23.28)3.54 (1.86 to 6.73)
 27.44 (3.96 to 14.00)12.84 (5.76 to 28.62)3.50 (1.69 to 7.23)
 311.79 (5.36 to 25.92)17.4 (6.96 to 43.52)10.4 (4.70 to 23.00)
 421.13 (7.42 to 60.16)49.98 (16.30 to 153.27)11.08 (4.20 to 29.21)
  • *Activities (reduced/ceased) include: physical activities, social contacts, associations, talking on the phone, sexual activities, other.

  • †Baseline data (not collected at Wave 2).

  • ‡Follow-up data (Wave 2).