Table 2

Binary regression models to identify risk indicators for e-cigarette and current tobacco smoking by adolescents and young people 11–23 years in Nigeria

VariablesE-cigarettes use
AOR (95% CI), p value
Current tobacco smoking
AOR (95% CI), p value
Individual factors associated with use of e-cigarettes and tobacco smoking
Age (years)
 18–233.354 (1.507 to 7.465), 0.00311.335 (5.146 to 24.968), <0.001
 15–171.767 (0.752 to 4.151), 0.1916.621 (2.778 to 15.782), <0.001
 11–141.0001.000
Sex at birth
 Male1.221 (0.944 to 1.580), 0.1291.577 (1.238 to 2.008), <0.001
 Female1.0001.000
Education
 Primary1.284 (0.619 to 2.663), 0.5022.138 (0.902 to 5.066), 0.084
 Junior secondary school1.265 (0.814 to 1.968), 0.2961.870 (1.217 to 2.872), 0.004
 Senior secondary school2.082 (1.537 to 2.819), <0.0010.981 (0.731 to 1.315), 0.896
 Tertiary1.0001.000
Health condition
 Yes1.514 (1.150 to 1.994), 0.0031.180 (0.869 to 1.601), 0.289
 No1.0001.000
COVID-19 infection
 Yes3.602 (2.199 to 4.263), <0.0010.926 (0.624 to 1.375), 0.702
 No1.0001.000
Living with HIV
 Yes1.898 (1.276 to 2.823), 0.0021.136 (0.708 to 1.822), 0.597
 No1.0001.000
Anxiety status
 High1.872 (1.335 to 2.627), <0.0011.626 (1.117 to 2.366), 0.011
 Moderate0.627 (0.450 to 0.874), 0.0062.500 (1.902 to 3.284), <0.001
 Low1.0001.000
Vulnerability
 Yes2.000 (1.522 to 2.628) <0.0012.931 (2.307 to 3.724), <0.001
 No1.0001.000
Tobacco smoking
 Yes3.554 (2.625 to 4.812), <0.001
 No1.000
E- cigarette use
 Yes3.201 (2.346 to 4.366), <0.001
 No1.000
Familiar factors associated with use of e-cigarettes and tobacco smoking
Father
 Yes1.520 (1.089 to 2.122), 0.0143.680 (2.635 to 5.140), <0.001
 No1.0001.000
Mother
 Yes2.158 (1.519 to 3.065), <0.0011.573 (1.074 to 2.304), 0.020
 No1.0001.000
Sibling
 Yes2.334 (1.731 to 3.148), <0.0012.199 (1.619 to 2.987), <0.001
 No1.0001.000
Close friends
 Yes2.724 (2.106 to 3.523), <0.0014.142 (3.260 to 5.264), <0.001
 No1.0001.000
  • AOR, adjusted OR.