Table 1

Sociodemographic characteristics associated with the use of e-cigarettes and current tobacco smoking among adolescents and young people 11–23 years in Nigeria (n=2870)

VariablesEver used e-cigarettes
N=2870
P valueCurrent tobacco smoking
N=2870
P valueTotal
N=2870
n (%)
Yes
N=568
n (%)
No
N=2302
n (%)
Yes
N=787
n (%)
No
N=2083
N (%)
A) Sociodemographic profile of study participants
Age (years)
 18–23521 (23.6)1685 (76.4)<0.001727 (33.0)1479 (67.0)<0.0012206 (76.9)
 15–1738 (11.6)289 (88.4)52 (15.9)275 (84.1)327 (11.4)
 11–149 (2.7)328 (97.3)8 (2.4)329 (97.7)337 (11.7)
Sex at birth
 Male300 (20.7)1149 (79.3)<0.001427 (29.5)1022 (65.0)0.0131449 (50.5)
 Female268 (18.9)1153 (81.1)360 (25.3)1061 (74.7)1421 (49.5)
Education status
 Secondary school or less432 (27.4)1144 (72.6)<0.001553 (35.1)1023 (65.0)<0.0011576 (54.9)
 University or higher136 (10.5)1158 (89.5)234 (18.1)1060 (81.9)1294 (45.1)
B) Other adolescent and young adults characteristics
Health condition
 Yes268 (41.8)373 (58.2)<0.001326 (50.9)315 (49.1)<0.001641 (22.3)
 No300 (13.5)1929 (86.5)461 (20.7)1768 (79.3)2229 (77.7)
Living with HIV
 Yes89 (51.4)84 (48.6)<0.00197 (56.1)76 (43.9)<0.001173 (6.0)
 No479 (17.8)2218 (82.2)690 (25.6)2007 (74.4)2697 (94.0)
Vulnerability
 Yes436 (35.4)797 (64.6)<0.001599 (48.6)634 (51.4)<0.0011233 (43.0)
 No132 (8.0)1505 (92.0)188 (11.5)1449 (88.5)1637 (57.0)
Infected with COVID-19
 Yes210 (61.0)134 (39.0)<0.001215 (62.5)129 (37.5)<0.001344 (12.0)
 No358 (14.2)2168 (85.8)572 (22.6)1954 (77.4)2526 (88.0)
Anxiety status
 Low188 (11.4)1464 (88.6)<0.001220 (13.3)1432 (86.6)<0.0011652 (57.6)
 Moderate282 (31.2)623 (68.8)463 (51.2)442 (48.8)905 (31.5)
 Severe98 (31.3)215 (68.7)104 (33.2)209 (66.8)313 (10.9)
C. Familiar e-cigarettes experience
Smoker
 Yes401 (70.6)167 (29.4)<0.001401 (51.0)167 (21.3)<0.001568 (27.4)
 No386 (16.8)1916 (83.2)386 (16.8)1916 (83.2)2302 (72.6)
Father use e-cigarettes
 Yes102 (50.7)99 (49.3)<0.001144 (71.6)57 (28.4)<0.001201 (7.0)
 No466 (17.5)2203 (82.5)643 (24.1)2026 (75.9)2669 (93.0)
Mother use e-cigarettes
 Yes160 (56.7)122 (43.3)<0.001193 (68.4)89 (31.6)<0.001282 (9.8)
 No408 (15.8)2180 (84.2)594 (23.0)1994 (77.0)2588 (90.2)
Sibling use e-cigarettes
 Yes157 (54.9)129 (45.1)<0.001194 (67.8)92 (32.1)<0.001286 (10.0)
 No411 (15.9)2173 (84.1)593 (22.9)1991 (77.1)2584 (90.0)
Close friends use e-cigarettes
 Yes252 (43.2)332 (56.8)<0.001338 (57.9)246 (42.1)<0.001584 (20.3)
 No316 (13.8)1970 (86.2)449 (19.6)1837 (80.4)2286 (79.7)
  • *Mann-Whitney test.