Table 1

Eligibility criteria

Inclusion criteriaExclusion criteria
  • Aged <3 years of age

  • Evidence of RTI (any of the following):

    • Feels hot or temperature of >37.8°C

    • Cough

    • Nose: Snotty, stuffy, blocked

    • Earache

    • Sore throat

    • Sneezing

  • Evidence of lower RTI (any of the following)*:

    • Audible wheezing (without auscultation)

    • Shortness of breath, rapid or shallow breathing for age

    • Oxygen saturations <94% on air

    • Crackles, wheeze or diminished breath sounds on auscultation

    • Respiratory distress: apnoea, nasal flaring, chest recession, grunting, head bobbing

    • Central cyanosis

    • History of above symptoms if intubated prior to site admission

  • Parent/carer unable to provide informed consent on behalf of the child

  • Parent/carer unable to conform to study requirements

  • Participated within STOP RSV within the last 30 days

  • (SAM Strip subgroup only): nasal flaring on examination

  • *Not necessary for upper RTI subgroup.

  • RSV, respiratory syncytial virus; RTI, respiratory tract infection; SAM, synthetic absorptive matrix.